The Astroworld Music Festival: Preparedness, emergency management, and the making of a disaster.

Andrew D. Grossman, PhD.

The disaster at the Astroworld music festival on November 6, 2021, is a prime example of how poor pre-planning and inadequate response left ten dead and twenty-seven injured—all crushed by a surging crowd. 

Emergency management entails three main areas: Pre-planning preparation; mitigation measures; and the full-scale deployment of first responders. In my first blog, I summarized the importance of situational

Introductory Remarks on Situational Awareness and Disaster Mitigation

Andrew D. Grossman, PhD

There is no denying the importance of first responders in disaster mitigation. Since September 11, 2001 (9/11), fundamental institutional change related to emergency planning moved swiftly, culminating in the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Following the attacks on 9/11, analyses covering a wide range of differing perspectives of emergency planning have been published and while