Author: Lynne Koenigsberg

The Astroworld Music Festival: Preparedness, emergency management, and the making of a disaster.

Andrew D. Grossman, PhD.

The disaster at the Astroworld music festival on November 6, 2021, is a prime example of how poor pre-planning and inadequate response left ten dead and twenty-seven injured—all crushed by a surging crowd. 

Emergency management entails three main areas: Pre-planning preparation; mitigation measures; and the full-scale deployment of first responders. In my first blog, I summarized the importance of situational